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[KOR] [Huffpost] 해외 보도 - 신발 밑창을 통해 코로나19(바이러스) 오염이전 될 수 있다.
2020-04-03 10:01
Even as we learn more each day about the COVID-19 pandemic, new questions arise about how coronavirus can affect every aspect of our lives.


These concerns include how to wash and disinfect clothing and how to wash our hands. However, shoes are a growing area of concern because they are points of contact in crowded public places, such as in grocery stores.


Some of this burgeoning information can be misleading. It’s important to stick with the facts, so we tapped a handful of experts (doctors and infectious disease specialists) to answer questions about shoes and coronavirus.


TL;DR: How worried do we need to be about getting coronavirus from our shoes?


Despite evidence that suggests that the COVID-19 virus can live on surfaces for days, public health specialist Carol Winner said to keep in mind that there is no proof right now that coronavirus comes into the house on shoes.



This makes it important to follow the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s recommendations to wash your hands thoroughly (at least 20 seconds), work from home if you can and avoid touching your face.


“There is no evidence to say that the coronavirus comes into the house from shoes,” she told HuffPost. “Pragmatically, they are on the body part furthest from our face, and we do know that the greatest risk of transmission is person to person, not shoe to person.”


But coronavirus has been studied so little. How long COULD it live on shoes?


Though the CDC suggests that COVID-19, the disease caused by the new coronavirus, is thought to be spread person-to-person through respiratory droplets, there is evidence the virus is able to live on surfaces.


A study published by the National Institutes of Health, for example, showed that the virus can live on cardboard for 24 hours and for two to three days on stainless steel and plastic.


However, shoes can be a potential source of contamination, according to family practitioner Georgine Nanos, especially if they’re worn in heavily populated areas (in grocery stores, on mass transit, etc.) and in workplaces.


“As of today, we believe coronavirus can live on surfaces for up to 12 hours, potentially longer,” Nanos said. “And this definitely includes shoes.”


Infectious disease specialist Mary E. Schmidt said the time can actually be five days or more (according to studies done on materials closely related to shoe materials at room temperature).


Are some shoe materials more susceptible to the virus?


Respiratory droplets containing coronavirus can certainly land on footwear, according to Winner, who explained that some synthetic materials, such as spandex, can allow the virus to remain viable for a few days.




It's a good idea to wear shoes that are machine washable. Some athletic shoes can be tossed in the washing machine.

belchonock via Getty Images

It's a good idea to wear shoes that are machine washable. Some athletic shoes can be tossed in the washing machine.


Shoes made with plastics and synthetic materials can carry an active virus for days, but she noted that more research is needed.


“We’ve learned from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases that coronavirus can remain active on some surfaces, like plastic, for up to two to three days,” Winner said. “This suggests that viruses deposited on shoes made of plastic could retain the active virus for a few days,” and they could dry out sooner on natural fibers.


However, whether you wear sneakers or work boots, emergency physician Cwanza Pinckney stressed, it’s important to paying attention to the sole.


“The sole of the shoe is the breeding ground of more bacteria and fungi and viruses than the upper part of a shoe,” Pinckney explained.


Soles are typically made of non-porous materials, such as rubber, leather and PVC compounds, and can carry high levels of bacteria, according to a study published by Charles Gerba, a microbiologist and professor at the University of Arizona.


The 2008 study indicated that the average shoe sole is covered with 421,000 bacteria, viruses and parasites. But Pinckney suggested not stressing over this figure too much: Those hitchhikers can also allow humans to develop immunity to the pathogens over time.


“Instead of worrying, just be mindful that many of these bacteria influence and allow us to develop immunity,” she told HuffPost.


What kind of shoes should I wear at work?


If you are still required to report to work, Pinckney suggested dedicating a pair of shoes (and socks) just for work. This helps prevent tracking the virus into the house, she explained, when workers change into clean shoes at home.


“I recommend having a dedicated pair of shoes to go out in and then a clean pair to change into before entering the house,” Pinckney told HuffPost. “Health care workers are always mindful to change shoes [and put work shoes in bags] before getting in the car and going home.”


Schmidt recommended wearing shoes that are machine washable.


How should I clean my work shoes?


When it comes time to clean your work shoes, Nanos advised wiping them down with disinfecting cloths frequently.


Additionally, she recommended washing your shoes if they are machine washable or cleaning them with hot water and soap if you have nothing else in the house.


“Wiping down your shoes is probably most effective when using an alcohol-based wipe,” she said. “You can also wash your shoes on a short cycle in the washing machine, and use hot soap and water if you don’t have anything else to use.”


Winner also suggested Lysol can be used to inactivate viruses that adhere to your shoes but warned against using it on shoes made with natural materials. It can damage the finish of your shoe, she added.




Avoid spraying leather shoes with Lysol -- it's one of the only surfaces that can't withstand the chemicals.

Elnur via Getty Images

Avoid spraying leather shoes with Lysol -- it's one of the only surfaces that can't withstand the chemicals.


“Avoid natural materials, including leather, as it can damage the finish,” she explained. “Remember that cleaning can get the virus on rags, towels and your hands, so the best protocol is less cleaning and more air.”


However, Winner stressed that viruses are different from bacteria, making it important to use the right cleaning and disinfecting products.


“The coronavirus, like all viruses, is made up of mostly nucleic acid, some protein and lipid,” she added. “Viruses can be inactivated by heat, cleaning solutions like Clorox, and soap and water. Soap alters lipids, and disinfectant oxidizes and heat denatures proteins.”


Where should I leave my work shoes when I get home?


Winner advised taking off your shoes before you enter the house any time you’ve gone outside to work or to a public place. This can help prevent the virus from being tracked inside, she added.


“If you can leave them in your garage or in your entryway, that would be ideal, as you don’t necessarily have to leave them outside,” she said. “The idea is to just not track them throughout the house.”


Nanos said that there currently isn’t enough information on how the virus behaves in different weather. She stressed it’s important to still wash your hands each time you touch your work shoes.


“The cold air probably will not make a difference, as we do not know a lot of information about how this virus behaves with weather changes,” she said. “In fact, during the winter months seems to be when COVID-19 is thriving.”


Should I approach children’s shoes differently?


Since children tend to put their hands in their mouth frequently, parents of small children should take extra precautions when it comes to removing shoes, according to Winner.


“Really small children are known to play on the floor a lot and put their hands in their mouth, so taking extra precautions with them is always a good idea,” she explained. “Have them remove their shoes at the door, minimize hand contact with the shoes and have them wash their hands immediately when coming into the house.”


However, if this doesn’t work, Schmidt also suggested hiding children’s shoes.


“You have to hide the shoes from small children to ensure they don’t touch them,” she told HuffPost. “Teach them not to touch shoes unless they are designated indoor shoes, as shoes are the dirtiest objects we have in our homes, other than the toilets.”




<번역본>
COVID-19 대유행에 대해 매일 더 많이 배우더라도 코로나 바이러스가 우리 삶의 모든 측면에 어떤 영향을 미치는지에 대한 새로운 의문이 생깁니다.


이러한 문제에는 옷을 씻고 소독하는 방법과 손을 씻는 방법이 포함됩니다. 그러나 신발은 식료품 점과 같이 붐비는 공공 장소에서 접점이되기 때문에 점점 더 우려되는 영역입니다.


이 급증하는 정보 중 일부는 오도 될 수 있습니다. 사실을 고수하는 것이 중요하므로 신발과 코로나 바이러스에 대한 질문에 답변하기 위해 소수의 전문가 (의사 및 전염병 전문가)를 두 드렸습니다.


TL; DR : 신발에서 코로나 바이러스를 얻는 것에 대해 얼마나 걱정해야합니까?


COVID-19 바이러스가 며칠 동안 표면에 살 수 있다는 증거에도 불구하고 공중 보건 전문가 캐롤 위너는 코로나 바이러스가 신발을 신고 집에 들어온다는 증거는 없다고 말했습니다.



따라서 질병 통제 및 예방 센터의 권고에 따라 손을 철저히 (최소 20 초) 씻고, 집에서 일할 수 있으면 얼굴을 만지지 말아야합니다.


허프 포스트는“코로나 바이러스가 신발에서 나온다는 증거는 없다”고 말했다. "Prammatically, 그들은 우리의 얼굴에서 가장 멀리 신체 부분에 있으며, 우리는 전송의 가장 큰 위험은 사람과 사람이 아니라 사람과 사람이라는 것을 알고 있습니다."


그러나 코로나 바이러스는 그다지 연구되지 않았습니다. 신발에 얼마나 오래 살 수 있습니까?


CDC는 새로운 코로나 바이러스로 인한 질병 인 COVID-19가 호흡기 방울을 통해 사람에게 전염되는 것으로 생각되지만 바이러스가 표면에 살 수 있다는 증거가 있습니다.


예를 들어, 국립 보건원 (National Institutes of Health)이 발표 한 연구에 따르면이 바이러스는 24 시간 동안 스테인리스 스틸과 플라스틱으로 2 ~ 3 일 동안 골판지에 살 수 있습니다.


그러나 가족 실무자 게오르기 나노 (Georgine Nanos)에 따르면 신발은 특히 식료품 점, 대중 교통 등의 인구가 많은 지역과 직장에서 착용하는 경우 잠재적 오염원이 될 수 있습니다.


Nanos는“현재, 코로나 바이러스는 최대 12 시간 동안 표면에서 생존 할 수 있다고 생각합니다. "그리고 이것은 확실히 신발을 포함합니다."


전염병 전문가 인 Mary E. Schmidt는 시간이 실제로 5 일 이상일 수 있다고 말했다 (실내 신발 재료와 밀접한 관련이있는 재료에 대한 연구에 따르면).


일부 신발 재료가 바이러스에 더 취약합니까?


Winner에 따르면 코로나 바이러스를 함유 한 호흡기 방울은 확실히 신발에 착륙 할 수 있다고 스너 덱스와 같은 일부 합성 물질이 바이러스가 며칠 동안 생존 할 수 있다고 설명했다.




세탁기로 빨 수있는 신발을 착용하는 것이 좋습니다. 세탁기에 운동화를 넣을 수 있습니다.

게티 이미지를 통해 belchonock

세탁기로 빨 수있는 신발을 착용하는 것이 좋습니다. 세탁기에 운동화를 넣을 수 있습니다.


플라스틱과 합성 재료로 만든 신발은 며칠 동안 활성 바이러스를 운반 할 수 있지만 더 많은 연구가 필요하다고 지적했습니다.


“우리는 국립 알레르기 및 감염증 연구소에서 코로나 바이러스가 플라스틱과 같은 일부 표면에서 최대 2 ~ 3 일 동안 활성 상태를 유지할 수 있다는 것을 알게되었습니다. "이것은 플라스틱으로 만든 신발에 퇴적 된 바이러스가 며칠 동안 활성 바이러스를 보유 할 수 있다는 것을 의미합니다."


그러나 응급 의사 인 Cwanza Pinckney는 운동화를 착용하든 작업화를 착용하든 발바닥에주의를 기울이는 것이 중요하다고 강조했습니다.


Pinckney는“구두의 유일한 발자국은 신발의 윗부분보다 더 많은 박테리아와 곰팡이 및 바이러스의 번식지입니다.


발바닥은 일반적으로 고무, 가죽 및 PVC 화합물과 같은 비 다공성 재료로 만들어졌으며 아리조나 대학의 미생물 학자이자 교수 인 Charles Gerba가 발표 한 연구에 따르면 높은 수준의 박테리아를 운반 할 수 있습니다.


2008 년 연구에 따르면 평균 신발 밑창은 421,000 개의 박테리아, 바이러스 및 기생충으로 덮여 있습니다. 그러나 Pinckney는이 수치를 너무 강조하지 말 것을 제안했다. 이러한 히치하이커는 또한 인간이 시간이 지남에 따라 병원체에 대한 면역을 개발할 수있게한다.


허프 포스트는“걱정하는 대신이 박테리아가 영향을 미치고 면역력을 키울 수 있다는 점을 염두에 두어야한다”고 말했다.


직장에서 어떤 종류의 신발을 입어야합니까?


그래도 직장에 신고해야하는 경우 Pinckney는 업무용 신발 한 켤레 (및 양말)를 헌납 할 것을 제안했습니다. 그녀는 직원들이 집에서 깨끗한 신발로 갈아 입을 때 바이러스를 집안으로 추적하는 것을 방지한다고 설명했다.


Pinckney는 HuffPost에“집에 들어가기 전에 전용 신발 한 켤레를 가져간 다음 깨끗한 켤레를 갈아 입을 것을 권장합니다. "건강 관리 직원은 차를 타고 집에 가기 전에 항상 신발을 갈아 입고 (작업용 신발을 봉지에 넣는) 것에주의해야합니다."


슈미트는 세탁기로 세탁 할 수있는 신발을 추천합니다.